Psoriasis on face is quite rare but still one of the most unpleasant types of the disease. Unlike other parts of human body, the face is rarely affected by guttate psoriasis or plaque psoriasis. Like any other type, psoriasis on face is very difficult to deal with. Unfortunately, modern science only helps patients to jugulate the disease. There is no remedy that would completely heal the patients. The disease is recurrent so every time you are in remission a relapse can occur. That may result in a long-term treatment of the disease which sometimes takes several years. The undulating nature of the disease means that remission periods are usually followed by exacerbations. Such a state of the body can last for a few months or even for a few years. There is no medication to cure the disease completely.
Causes of Psoriasis on Face
Today scientists are not completely certain about the specific causes of psoriasis on face. There are several popular hypotheses concerning the reasons that trigger the disease. Each of them is based on various factors that contribute to the occurrence of the disease.
- Some doctors and scientists believe that for unknown reasons, certain immune system substances penetrate the epidermis and give it wrong signals to increase the number of its cells and their layers. As a result, exfoliation occurs in certain areas of the skin.
- There is a hypothesis that skin damage is caused by T lymphocytes in case they are wrongly directed by the human organism (these are human red blood cells which normally deal with viruses and bacteria).
- According to observations, patients with psoriasis are more likely to have children with this disease. If both parents are sick, the risk increases greatly. That is what the hereditary theory of psoriasis deals with.
- Diseases of the endocrine glands and dysfunction of cells that produce melanin also increase the probability of getting sick with psoriasis.
- Frequent stressful situations and emotional overloads contribute to the development of the pathology called psoriasis.
Stages of the Disease
Like any other type of the disease, facial psoriasis has three main stages:
Each stage has its peculiarities. In particular, progressive stage of psoriasis is noticeable for bright papules the majority of which merges into one great area. During the second (or stationary) stage, the papules discolor and flatten. The transition into the third or regressive stage means a complete or partial disappearance of the papules. Those areas become covered in spots of hyperpigmentation.
The main localization of psoriasis on face:
- temporal fossa;
- the line between the forehead and the hair growth area;
- the area around the eyes;
- nasolabial folds.
Pustular Psoriasis on Face
Pustular psoriasis is especially severe on the face. It affects mucous membranes (eyes, lips, and tongue). This form of psoriasis is quite rare. It is provoked by such factors as methotrexate, treatment which implies corticosteroid hormones, and alcohol abuse. Psoriatic rash which appears around eyes or lips often continues to form on the skin and is of similar nature. Psoriasis appears on mucous membranes and on skin approximately at the same time and develops quite quickly as well. Most often psoriasis on the face is located around the lips. It mainly affects the lower lip but sometimes it affects the upper lip as well. In this case, the patient experiences a burning sensation or feels nothing at all. The first sign of pustular psoriasis on face are pustules that affect the lips, eyes, or mouth.
Symptoms of Psoriasis on Face
The signs of the disease appear depending on the time of the year and with varying frequency in different patients. The main symptoms of psoriasis on face are as follows:
- red spots appear which are usually of round shape;
- the top of the affected area is covered with gray scales of different size (these are the exfoliated particles of the epidermis);
- the areas around the eyes, upper and lower eyelids, eyebrows, nasolabial folds are the sites that are most often affected. The skin near lips is less frequently affected by the disease;
- oral mucosa is affected less frequently as well (the inside of the cheeks, lips, and the tongue);
- the affected areas are very itchy but one should not scratch them as long as scars may appear there in the future.
The damage of the skin by psoriasis is difficult not to notice. Patients should consult the doctor straight away.
Psoriasis on Face Pictures
Treatment for Psoriasis on Face
Treatment for psoriasis on face is aimed at the fast elimination of the disease symptoms but modern medicine cannot cure the patient fully. At the moment, clinics have diverse techniques that help to fight psoriasis. They are much more effective comparing to the methods used even a few years ago.
- usually, doctors use local treatment for mild psoriasis on face and scalp. For this purpose, salicylic ointment or cream with glucocorticoids is used (if there is also a severe inflammation);
- patients should be very careful with skin care. Only natural cosmetics should be used for the affected skin (the one that contains no dyes and fragrances). One cannot rub skin with towels because it may damage the skin. It is better to dub the skin;
- phototherapy is based on the beneficial effects of ultraviolet radiation of the skin. It activates regeneration, contributes to the production of vitamin D, and stimulates the immune system;
- the scientists have created a special device to treat psoriasis with a laser;
- drugs that contain monoclonal antibodies. This is one of the most modern methods of treating the disease due to which your own body stops sending wrong signals to the skin;
- antianxiety drugs are also successfully used by doctors in the treatment of the disease.
In addition to conventional medicine, it is important to have a proper diet and avoid dyes and preservatives. One should as well follow the rules of personal hygiene and avoid strong emotions. Such practices will help to reduce the probability of the disease recurrence and prolong the period of remission.
Natural Remedies for Psoriasis on Face
Traditional medicine has existed for much longer than the conventional one. And, of course, there are natural remedies for psoriasis on face which are considered to be quite effective. These include aloe, castor oil, and turmeric paste. All of them are applied in the form of lotions and compresses. It is highly recommended to wash your face with brews of celandine or bur marigold.
One may use Dead Sea salt. It includes a lot of useful minerals which are very effective in relieving and blocking the symptoms of psoriasis. Add salt to thermal water and spray it regularly on your skin.
There are certain essential oils that actively contribute to the treatment of psoriasis (if used on a regular basis): coconut, borage, juniper, jojoba, evening primrose, and lavender oil. These oils can be daily applied with a cotton pad to the locations of severe exfoliation. Keep the cotton pad with oil on your face for 5-7 minutes.
Unfortunately, home remedies are not very effective in the treatment of facial psoriasis if used on their own. When fighting the disease do not give up on conventional medical treatment. It is quite possible to combine the two ways of treating.
Prevention of Psoriasis
Facial psoriasis, just like any other type of the disease, requires following a proper diet to get rid of psoriasis. Exclude alcohol, fast food, and pre-made foods, canned meat products, butter, fried foods, oranges, strawberries, and pastries. Try to eat more fruits and vegetables (except potatoes, tomatoes, and beans) and low-fat dairy products.
Treatment of psoriatic lesions depends greatly on the patient’s preventive actions. That may help to prevent new outbreaks of the disease and makes it easier to tolerate the disease as a whole. So, along with modern effective means like ointments and other medications, it is advisable to make sure that facial skin does not dry up and does not experience too low temperatures. One should periodically moisturize facial skin. Being in the cold for a long time usually aggravates the disease. On the other hand, sunlight and a high level of humidity are good for skin. You should also avoid stress and infectious diseases which imply taking drugs that provoke a relapse or progress of the disease. It is advisable to clean the organism from the inside. It implies a series of procedures that are aimed at excretion of toxins and other harmful substances from the organism. After this complex therapeutic intervention, one should follow a healthy diet. Patients with psoriasis on the face, like patients with any other type of the disease, should always keep their skin clean. With facial psoriasis, one should only use natural cosmetics and cleansers for sensitive skin.